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Shaping Europe’s digital future

Broadband in Germany

The 2021 coalition agreement of the German Federal Government identifies the priority goal of a nationwide supply of FTTH and 5G networks by 2025. The federal government has also developed a 5G Strategy for Germany.

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Summary of broadband development in Germany

The federal government has developed a framework for action with the 5G Strategy for Germany, which was launched in summer 2017, in order to support network expansion and the development of 5G applications at an early stage.

In the coalition agreement of the German Federal Government, signed in fromMarch 2018 2021, the digital infrastructure was set as one of the priorities with a goal of the nationwide supply of FTTH and 5G networkspriority goal of a na tionwide expansion of gigabit networks by 2025 has been set.

In November 2019, the German government has approved a mobile communications strategy. The aim of the strategy is to ensure nationwide supply of mobile voice and data services.

National broadband strategy and policy

Responsible authorities

Main aims for broadband development

In the coalition agreement of the German Federal Government 2021, digital infrastructure is one of the national priorities. The goal is the nationwide supply of FTTH and 5G. The commercial expansion has priority. Investments in the spots where the need to catch up is greatest will be prioritised, especially white areas. Open Access under fair conditions and net neutrality are the underlying principles. Where necessary, funding by means of vouchers will be initiated.

Main measures for broadband development

  • The Telekommunikationsgesetz (TKG) was amended in December 2021 and introduced the right of all citizens to the availability of voice communication services and internet access services.
  • Broadband mapping: as a central information point, the broadband atlas shows broadband penetration and availability. Furthermore, the Bundesnetzagentur has launched a nationwide infrastructure atlas to facilitate the use of synergies in infrastructure deployment. The atlas contains spatial data about the infrastructure of companies and institutions, such as geo-data about fibre optic lines, empty ducts, radio towers and masts as well as radio stations.
  • With its mobile communications strategy, the Federal government has announced major plans to improve its mobile coverage. The Federal Government is working with countries and municipalities to implement a mix of different measures. This includes:
    • the creation of transparency regarding the actual supply situation as well as monitoring of the mobile network expansion,
    • the identification of infrastructure and properties that the Federal Government can provide for the construction of masts,
    • the provision of EUR 1.1 billion for the development of up to 5,000 unpowered areas,
    • relieving local authorities of the implementation of the support program in order to ensure effective and cost-effective expansion,
    • the identification of acceleration potentials in mobile network expansion in cooperation with countries and municipalities.
  • In its roadmap to implement the Connectivity Toolbox, Germany refers to assessing mobile network technologies and roll-out strategies as to their environmental impact, to a nationwide electromagnetic fields (EMF) measuring campaign, and to the new public company MIG that supports access to physical infrastructure.

National and regional broadband financial instruments

The federal states in Germany support broadband development with a number of measures and financial means. Some of the current measures are:

  • Federal funding programme (Förderprogramm zum Breitbandausbau): this programme supports network expansion to provide high-speed broadband networks in underserved areas. The support of the federal state permits nationwide expansion of minimum 1 Gbps connections in areas that were previously underserved. The maximum amount of federal funding per project is EUR 30 million.
  • Combination with other funding programmes, e.g. from the federal states, is possible and can be added to cover the remaining co-financing. An overview of ongoing and completed funding processes in different federal states (Bundesländer) can be found at Breitband-Ausschreibungen.

Other financial measures:

  • The German government-owned development bank KfW offers the loan 208 IKK to municipalities to support investments in infrastructure including broadband infrastructure. Though the loan is capped at EUR 150 million annually, it can be combined with financial resources from public funding.
  • The Landwirtschaftliche Rentenbank also offers loans to support projects intending to establish or improve communication infrastructure including broadband networks in rural areas.

Data on broadband development and technologies in Germany

For the latest data on broadband coverage, subscriptions and penetrations, coverage of different broadband technologies and costs check the scoreboard reports and the country reports of the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI).

Spectrum assignments for wireless broadband

For details on harmonised spectrum assignments consult the European 5G Observatory.

National publications and press documents

English

German

Contact information

BCO Germany (national Broadband Competence Office): Federal Gigabit Bureau (Gigabitbüro des Bundes)

Address: Kapelle Ufer 4, 10117 Berlin, Germany
Contact via email
Phone: +49 (0)175 290 2184
Website

Federal Ministry for Digital and Transport (Bundesministerium für Digitales und Verkehr)

Address: Invalidenstraße 44, 10115 Berlin, Germany
Contact via email
Phone: +49 3018 300 0
Website

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Klimaschutz)

Address: Scharnhorststr. 34-37, 10115 Berlin, Germany
Contact via email
Phone: +49 (0)30- 18 615 0
Website

Federal Network Agency for Electricity, Gas, Telecommunications, Post and Railway (Bundesnetzagentur)

Address: Tulpenfeld 4, 53113 Bonn, Germany
Contact via email
Phone: +49 228 14-0
Website

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Find current information on broadband development in each country, as well as national strategies and policies for developing broadband.

See Also

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Sweden’s national broadband plan, adopted in 2016, has the vision of an entirely connected Sweden and has goals for both mobile coverage and for high-speed broadband connections for households and businesses.

Broadband in Spain

Digital connectivity and 5G rollout are among the ten strategic priorities of the Spain Digital 2025 Agenda.

Broadband in Slovakia

Slovakia has set the long-term objective of providing all households with access to ultra-fast internet by 2030.

Broadband in Romania

Romania’s broadband plan focuses on building up a national broadband network as a first step towards achieving the targets set by the Digital Agenda for Europe.

Broadband in Portugal

Portugal’s NGA coverage is at the EU average. The Agenda Portugal Digital aims at development of a digital infrastructure that allows citizens to take advantage of the new opportunities offered by technologies.

Broadband in Poland

Poland’s national broadband plan foresees that 100% of households should have access to internet connectivity of at least 30 Mbps by 2020. 50% of households should have internet connectivity of 100 Mbps by 2020.

Broadband in the Netherlands

All households in the Netherlands should have the opportunity to access broadband networks of at least 100 Mbps and a vast majority should be taking advantage of 1 Gbps by 2023.

Broadband in Malta

Malta’s broadband policy is technology neutral and favours a competitive market environment.

Broadband in Luxembourg

The development of a communication infrastructure with a target of gigabit broadband access throughout the country is one of the priorities in the governmental programme of Luxembourg.

Broadband in Lithuania

Lithuania‘s Next Generation Internet Access Development Plan focuses on direct state contribution to long-term infrastructure development, supports measures promoting private sector investments and seeks to foster an increase in demand for fast broadband access.

Broadband in Latvia

Latvia supports the Gigabit society targets and aims at 100 Mbps, upgradable to gigabit, for urban and rural areas as well as 5G coverage for all large urban areas.

Broadband in Italy

The Italian Strategy for Ultra Broadband Towards the Gigabit Society aims to provide gigabit connectivity to all by 2026.

Broadband in Ireland

The national broadband plan for Ireland foresees that by 2026 all premises in Ireland will have access to high-speed broadband.

Broadband in Hungary

Hungary’s draft National Digitalization Strategy 2021-2030 aims at 95% of households covered by gigabit networks by 2030.

Broadband in Greece

The Greek Digital Transformation Bible 2020-2025 highlights connectivity as one of the five strategic axes and acknowledges the Gigabit Society 2025 targets.

Broadband in France

The national broadband programme France Très Haut Débit sets out the targets of fast broadband access for all households by 2022 and fibre for all by 2025.

Broadband in Finland

The Finnish authorities go for a competition-driven, fibre-based network roll-out assisted by public funds for underserved areas and advice for local municipalities on how to deploy broadband networks.

Broadband in Estonia

Estonia has established basic broadband coverage throughout the country, and has brought its broadband targets for 2020 in line with those of the Digital Agenda for Europe.

Broadband in Denmark

A number of political initiatives aiming at nation-wide fixed and mobile broadband coverage support Danish broadband goals. The Government works towards making Denmark a digital frontrunner by creating a foundation for Danish businesses to exploit digital technologies.

Broadband in the Czech Republic

The National Plan for the Development of Very High Capacity Networks, approved in March 2021, defines the strategic approach of the Czech Republic to the construction of VHCN.

Broadband in Cyprus

Cyprus’ broadband plan sets strategic objectives for 2021-2025 and includes legislative and regulatory interventions as well as practical support for the development of broadband infrastructure.

Broadband in Croatia

Croatian National Plan for Broadband Development 2021–2027 responds to the European Gigabit Society objectives 2025 and partially the 2030 digital targets.

Broadband in Bulgaria

The National Broadband Infrastructure Plan for Next Generation Access "Connected Bulgaria" and the Policy in the field of electronic communications have been updated and adopted in August 2020.

Broadband in Belgium

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Broadband in Austria

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