Summary of broadband development in Finland
Finland supports the construction of fibre networks in areas that lack business incentives to build high speed networks. The Digital infrastructure strategy 2018 supports the European Gigabit Society targets 2025, determines objectives for the development of digital infrastructure in Finland by 2025 as well as methods for achieving these objectives.
National broadband strategy and policy
The Finnish Government opts for a competition-driven, fibre-based network roll-out, with a special focus on and assistance for underserved areas (via public funds). Especially with regard to the latter, Finnish authorities advise local municipalities on how to set up entities dedicated to deploying broadband, e.g. by joint venture of multiple municipalities or in partnership with private operators. In terms of investments, funding is expected to come from state and municipalities. A Digital infrastructure strategy was published in October 2018.
- The Ministry of Transport and Communications (Liikenne-ja viestintäministeriö) is responsible for communications and broadband policy, including legislation, guidance and supervision of the administrative sector.
- The Finnish Transport and Communications Agency (Liikenne- ja viestintävirasto, Traficom) is an authority for licence, registration and approval matters. It ensures access to high-quality and secure communications connections and services.
- The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry is the managing authority for the rural development programme of Mainland Finland and is responsible for broadband projects funded from the rural development programme.
- The Finnish Food Authority is responsible for the implementation and monitoring of broadband projects funded by the rural development programme.
- Regional councils, the Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment and municipalities are also involved in the implementation of publicly subsidised broadband projects.
Main aims and measures for broadband development
The Digital infrastructure strategy, published in October 2018 by the Ministry of Transport and Communications, determines objectives for the development of the digital infrastructure in Finland by 2025 as well as the methods for achieving this objective. By 2025 all households should have access to at least 100 Mbps connections. It should be possible to increase the speed of the connection to 1 Gbps. Cost-efficient construction of optical fibre networks will be facilitated by streamlining the regulation on the placement of telecommunications cables. The permit procedure related to the placement of cables will be developed in connection with the drafting of the Highways Act.
Finland announced the preparation of the national Digital Compass and a draft has been sent to stakeholders for comments. Its adoption is planned for 2022. The purpose is to set national targets and indicators for the thematic areas set out in the EU Digital Decade and to create a coherent vision for long-term digital transformation.
The universal service broadband speed was set to 5 Mbps as from October 2021.
The Finnish Recovery and Resilience Plan (RRP) foresees investments amounting to EUR 50 million. It includes an investment support scheme to increase the quality and availability of high speed connectivity network in areas where such connections are not provided by the market mechanisms. Financial support will be disbursed to broadband providers. The broadband connections supported under this scheme will offer at least a capacity of 100 Mbit per second.
Data on broadband development and technologies in Finland
For the latest data on broadband coverage, subscriptions and, availability of different broadband technologies and costs check the scoreboard reports and the country reports of the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI).
Spectrum assignments for wireless broadband
For details on harmonised spectrum assignments consult the European 5G Observatory.
National and EU publications and press documents
- Digital Infrastructure Strategy 2025
- Study on National Broadband Plans
- Guide to High-Speed Broadband Investment
- Broadband Connectivity Reports and Analyses
- Mobile and fixed broadband prices in Europe
- Study on broadband coverage in Europe
- Finland - country reports on performances in digitisation: connectivity, digital skills, digital public services and more
BCO Finland (national Broadband Competence Office): combining representatives from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of Transport and Communications, the Finnish Transport and Communications Agency, and the Agency for Rural Affairs
Ministry of Transport and Communications (Liikenne-ja viestintäministeriö)
Finnish Transport and Communications Agency (Liikenne- ja viestintävirasto, Traficom)
Postal address: PO Box 320, FI-00059 Traficom, Finland
Phone: +358 29 534 5000