Summary of broadband development in Finland
Finland supports the construction of fibre networks in areas that lack business incentives to build high speed networks. The Digital infrastructure strategy 2018 supports the European Gigabit Society targets 2025, determines objectives for the development of digital infrastructure in Finland by 2025 as well as methods for achieving these objectives. Finland’s digital compass reflects the targets set in the EU’s Digital Compass.
National broadband strategy and policy
The Finnish Government opts for a competition-driven, fibre-based network roll-out, with a special focus on and assistance for underserved areas (via public funds). Especially with regard to the latter, Finnish authorities advise local municipalities on how to set up entities dedicated to deploying broadband, e.g. by joint venture of multiple municipalities or in partnership with private operators. In terms of investments, funding is expected to come from state and municipalities. A Digital infrastructure strategy was published in October 2018. Finland’s digital compass follows the targets set in the EU’s Digital Compass as well as na-tional targets and themes.
- The Ministry of Transport and Communications (Liikenne-ja viestintäministeriö) is responsible for communications and broadband policy, including legislation, guidance and supervision of the administrative sector.
- The Finnish Transport and Communications Agency (Liikenne- ja viestintävirasto, Traficom) is an authority for licence, registration and approval matters. It ensures access to high-quality and secure communications connections and services.
- The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry is the managing authority for the rural development programme of Mainland Finland and is responsible for broadband projects funded from the rural development programme.
- The Finnish Food Authority is responsible for the implementation and monitoring of broadband projects funded by the rural development programme.
- Regional councils, the Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment and municipalities are also involved in the implementation of publicly subsidised broadband projects.
Main aims and measures for broadband development
The Digital infrastructure strategy, published in October 2018 by the Ministry of Transport and Communications, determines objectives for the development of the digital infrastructure in Finland by 2025 as well as the methods for achieving this objective. By 2025 all households should have access to at least 100 Mbps connections. It should be possible to increase the speed of the connection to 1 Gbps. Cost-efficient construction of optical fibre networks will be facilitated by streamlining the regulation on the placement of telecommunications cables. The permit procedure related to the placement of cables will be developed in connection with the drafting of the Highways Act.
Finland’s digital compass implements the targets set in the EU’s Digital Compass, but also includes national targets and themes that complement the EU’s compass. Finland’s compass revolves around four cardinal points: skills, secure and sustainable digital infrastructures, the digital transformation of businesses, and the digitalisation of public services.
The universal service broadband speed was set to 5 Mbps as from October 2021.
The Finnish Recovery and Resilience Plan (RRP) foresees investments amounting to EUR 50 million. It includes an investment support scheme to increase the quality and availability of high speed connectivity network in areas where such connections are not provided by the market mechanisms. Financial support will be disbursed to broadband providers. The broadband connections supported under this scheme will offer at least a capacity of 100 Mbit per second.
Data on broadband development and technologies in Finland
For the latest data on broadband coverage, subscriptions and, availability of different broadband technologies and costs check the scoreboard reports and the country reports of the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI).
Spectrum assignments for wireless broadband
For details on harmonised spectrum assignments consult the European 5G Observatory.
National and EU publications and press documents
- Digital Infrastructure Strategy 2025
- Study on National Broadband Plans
- Guide to High-Speed Broadband Investment
- Broadband Connectivity Reports and Analyses
- Mobile and fixed broadband prices in Europe
- Study on broadband coverage in Europe
- Finland - country reports on performances in digitisation: connectivity, digital skills, digital public services and more
BCO Finland (national Broadband Competence Office): combining representatives from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of Transport and Communications, the Finnish Transport and Communications Agency, and the Agency for Rural Affairs
Postal address: Hallituskatu 3, 00170 Helsinki, Finland (PO Box 30, FI-00023 Government, Finland)
Contact via email
Phone: +35 82 95 16 22 18
Ministry of Transport and Communications (Liikenne-ja viestintäministeriö)
Address: Eteläesplanadi 16, Helsinki, Finland
Contact via email
Phone: +35 82 95 16 001
Finnish Transport and Communications Agency (Liikenne- ja viestintävirasto, Traficom)
Postal address: PO Box 320, FI-00059 Traficom, Finland
Phone: +358 29 534 5000
Find current information on broadband development in each country, as well as national strategies and policies for developing broadband.
Sweden’s national broadband plan, adopted in 2016, has the vision of an entirely connected Sweden and has goals for both mobile coverage and for high-speed broadband connections for households and businesses.
Digital connectivity and 5G rollout are among the ten strategic priorities of the Spain Digital 2025 Agenda.
Slovenia’s broadband aims are in line with the gigabit society targets.
Slovakia has set the long-term objective of providing all households with access to ultra-fast internet by 2030.
Romania’s broadband plan focuses on building up a national broadband network as a first step towards achieving the EU connectivity targets.
The Agenda Portugal Digital aims at development of a digital infrastructure that allows citizens to take advantage of the new opportunities offered by technologies.
Poland’s national broadband plan 2025 is in line with the EU’s Gigabit Society targets.
All households in the Netherlands should have the opportunity to access broadband networks of at least 100 Mbps and a vast majority should be taking advantage of 1 Gbps by 2023.
Malta’s broadband policy is technology-neutral and favours a competitive market environment.
The development of a communication infrastructure with a target of gigabit broadband access throughout the country is one of the priorities in the governmental programme of Luxembourg.
Lithuania aims to provide 100 Mbps by 2027 to rural areas as well supporting the Gigabit society targets 2025.
Latvia supports the Gigabit society targets and aims at 100 Mbps, upgradable to gigabit, for urban and rural areas as well as 5G coverage for all large urban areas.
The Italian Strategy for Ultra Broadband Towards the Gigabit Society aims to provide gigabit connectivity to all by 2026.
The national broadband plan for Ireland foresees that by 2026 all premises in Ireland will have access to high-speed broadband.
Hungary’s draft National Digitalisation Strategy 2021-2030 aims to achieve a target of 95% of households covered by gigabit networks by 2030.
The Greek Digital Transformation Bible 2020-2025 highlights connectivity as one of the five strategic axes and acknowledges the Gigabit Society 2025 targets.
The 2021 coalition agreement, the Digital Strategy and the Gigabit Strategy 2022 of the German Federal Government prioritise the nationwide supply of FTTH and 5G networks.
The national broadband programme France Très Haut Débit sets a target of fast broadband access for all households by 2022 and fibre for all by 2025.
Estonia has established basic broadband coverage throughout the country. The Estonian Digital Agenda sets ambitious targets for 2030.
A number of political initiatives aiming at nation-wide fixed and mobile broadband coverage support Danish broadband goals. The Government works towards making Denmark a digital frontrunner by creating a foundation for Danish businesses to exploit digital technologies.
The National Plan for the Development of Very High Capacity Networks, approved in March 2021, defines the strategic approach of the Czech Republic to the construction of VHCN.
Cyprus’ broadband plan sets strategic objectives for 2021-2025 and includes legislative and regulatory interventions as well as practical support for the development of broadband infrastructure.
Croatian National Plan for Broadband Development 2021–2027 responds to the European Gigabit Society objectives 2025 and partially to the 2030 digital targets.
The National Broadband Infrastructure Plan for Next Generation Access "Connected Bulgaria" and the Policy on electronic communications were updated and adopted in August 2020.
Belgium’s broadband strategy is incorporated into a broader policy strategy Digital Belgium. The aim of the national plan for fixed and mobile broadband is to eliminate the remaining white areas where high speed services are unavailable. By lowering costs and reducing...
Austria’s broadband strategy focuses on the nationwide supply of Gigabit connections (fixed and mobile) by 2030.