Skip to main content
Shaping Europe’s digital future

Broadband in Hungary

Hungary’s National Digitalisation Strategy 2021-2030 aims to achieve a target of 95% of households covered by gigabit networks by 2030.

Summary of broadband development in Hungary

The National Digitalisation Strategy 2021-2030 was approved in 2021. It aims to provide 95% of households with gigabit networks, increase digital skills of the population, support digitalisation of business processes as well as increase use of e-government services.

National broadband strategy and policy

Responsible authorities

  • Strategies concerning the use of information and communication technology including broadband policies fall under the responsibility of the Ministry of Technology and Industry (Technológiai és Ipari Minisztérium).
  • The Governmental Information Technology Development Agency (KIFÜ) operates under the supervision of the Ministry of Technology and Industry. The agency manages IT projects dealing with central public administration and guided by the Government, e.g. the Superfast Internet Program and acts as national Broadband Competence Office (BCO).
  • The National Media Infocommunications Authority (Nemzeti Média- és Hírközlési Hatóság, NMHH) provides regulation concerning fixed and wireless electronic communications and is also responsible for the wireless broadband strategy.
  • The Ministry of Interior (Belügyminisztérium) is responsible for eGovernment issues and was involved in preparation of the National Digitalisation Strategy 2021-2030.

Main aims and measures for broadband development

The Hungary’s National Digitalisation Strategy 2021-2030 was approved in Autumn 2021. The strategy is based on four pillars: digital infrastructure, digital skills, digital economy and digital state. It sets out the following targets to be achieved by 2030:

  • 95% of households covered by gigabit networks,
  • less than 2% share of people without digital skills in the 16-71 age group,
  • more than 30% of processes in businesses are digitalised,
  • 90% of inhabitants use e-government services.

The strategy outlines infrastructural, educational and economic support measures. To ensure the availability of wired and wireless digital infrastructure with adequate service capability and quality, the strategy foresees the development of gigabit networks, digital infrastructure of educational and higher education institutions, further development of the national telecommunications backbone network, wireless communication for professional organisations, expanding supercomputing capacity as well as encouraging development of 5G networks.

Development of gigabit-capable networks will include wide implementation measures:

  • planning and implementation of a nationwide “Gigabit Hungary 2030” network development programme, connected to 5G, in order to have internet connections with speeds of at least 1 Gbps available by end-2030,
  • clarification of infrastructure and network sharing under competition law and regulation of access to optical and radio networks, in particular the sharing of passive (and partly active) infrastructure elements,
  • transposing the European Electronic Communications Code into national law,
  • reviewing and, if necessary, amending the rules for the construction of telecommunication networks,
  • alleviating the reporting and administrative burdens on service providers,
  • reviewing the quality and consumer protection regulations for communications services, reviewing standards, formulation of minimum requirements,
  • review of the Communications Regulation to better support policy objectives related to digitisation, micro- and macro-level competitiveness,
  • updating national standards for electronic communications networks,
  • positioning digital networks as a critical infrastructure for the general public.

Encouraging the development of 5G networks will need further multiple actions:

  • strengthening and expanding the activities of the 5G Coalition,
  • launching strategic agreements between service providers and the government to accelerate state-of-the-art fixed & mobile and converged technology developments,
  • development of R&D&I support scheme in line with digital infrastructure development, especially 5G,
  • development of Széchenyi István University 5G Center of Excellence,
  • contribution to the construction of EU 5G corridors,
  • preliminary analysis of 6G technology.

National and regional broadband financial instruments

  • Loans: For the 2014-2020 period, financial resources from the Economic Development and Innovation Operational Programme (EDIOP/GINOP) support the expansion of public broadband networks and the expansion of high speed connections. National funds help expand the broadband networks in non-convergent Middle-Hungarian Region.
  • ESIF funds: The 2014-2020 programmes estimate that investments into NGA high-speed broadband networks, with a speed of 30 Mbps or higher, will reach €253 million. Part of the broadband budget will be spent via financial instruments.
  • Superfast Internet Programme (SZIP): The majority of projects deployed FTTH (fibre to the home), enabling Gigabit speeds. SZIP, financed from EU Structural Funds, intended to cover almost 410,000 households is, with networks supplying at least 30 Mbps broadband internet service by 2023. For areas that are not commercially viable, a €250 million state aid scheme has been set up to ensure broadband roll-out. By the end of 2020, almost a quarter of a million households were covered by at least 30 Mbps broadband through the SZIP.
  • Hungary’s Recovery and Resilience Plan (RRP) commits 30% of its allocation to digital measures (EUR 1.7 billion). The plan includes a comprehensive package to promote the digital transformation of the economy and society. Most components contain measures on digital transition. Significant measures are planned to improve the digital equipment and skills in primary, vocational and higher education. The plan contains measures related to the digitalisation of public administration and of the health, transport and energy sectors.

Data on broadband development and technologies in Hungary

For the latest data on broadband coverage, subscriptions and penetrations, coverage of different broadband technologies and costs, check the scoreboard reports and the country reports of the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI).

Spectrum assignments for wireless broadband

For details on harmonised spectrum assignments consult the European 5G Observatory.

National and EU publications and press documents



Contact information

BCO Hungary (national Broadband Competence Office): Ministry for Technology and Industry, State Secretariat for Infocommunication

Address: Iskola u. 13, Budapest, 1011 Hungary
Contact via email
Phone: +36 30 977 4707

National Media and Infocommunications Authority (Nemzeti Média- és Hírközlési Hatóság)

Address: Ostrom u. 23-25, 1015 Budapest, Hungary
Contact via email
Phone: +36 1 4577100

Latest News

EU Regions Week: Bridging the digital divide by supporting digital infrastructure for smart and sustainable regions

On the theme of ‘smart and sustainable growth for regions’, this workshop addresses the critical issue of the digital divide, examining its repercussions on social cohesion and overall growth in the European Union.

Digital Decade 2024: Broadband Coverage in Europe 2023

The Broadband Coverage in Europe study is designed to monitor the progress of EU Member States towards the gigabit coverage and 5G coverage targets as set out in the Digital Decade Policy programme.

Related Content

Big Picture

Broadband in EU countries

Find current information on broadband development in each country, as well as national strategies and policies for developing broadband.

See Also

Broadband in Sweden

Sweden’s national broadband plan, adopted in 2016, has the vision of an entirely connected Sweden and has goals for both mobile coverage and for high-speed broadband connections for households and businesses.

Broadband in Spain

Digital connectivity and 5G rollout are among the ten strategic priorities of the Spain Digital 2025 Agenda.

Broadband in Slovenia

Slovenia opts for technological neutrality and market dynamics in developing broadband networks, in particular infrastructure- and service-based competition.

Broadband in Slovakia

Slovakia has set the long-term objective of providing all households with access to ultra-fast internet by 2030.

Broadband in Romania

Romania focuses on building up a national broadband network as a step towards achieving the EU connectivity targets.

Broadband in Portugal

The Agenda Portugal Digital and the National Strategy for Connectivity in Very High Capacity Electronic Communication Networks for 2023-2030 shape development of a digital infrastructure in Portugal.

Broadband in Poland

Poland’s national broadband plan 2025 is in line with the EU’s Gigabit Society targets.

Broadband in the Netherlands

All households in the Netherlands should have the opportunity to access broadband networks of at least 100 Mbps and a vast majority should be taking advantage of 1 Gbps by 2023.

Broadband in Malta

Malta’s broadband policy is technology-neutral and favours a competitive market environment.

Broadband in Luxembourg

The development of a communication infrastructure with a target of gigabit broadband access throughout the country is one of the priorities in the governmental programme of Luxembourg.

Broadband in Lithuania

Lithuania aims to provide 100 Mbps by 2027 to rural areas as well supporting the Gigabit society targets 2025.

Broadband in Latvia

Latvia supports the Gigabit society targets and aims at 100 Mbps, upgradable to gigabit, for urban and rural areas as well as 5G coverage for all large urban areas.

Broadband in Italy

The Italian Strategy for Ultra Broadband Towards the Gigabit Society aims to provide gigabit connectivity to all by 2026.

Broadband in Ireland

The national broadband plan for Ireland foresees that by 2026 all premises in Ireland will have access to high-speed broadband.

Broadband in Greece

The National Broadband Plan 2021-2027 promotes the use of fixed very high capacity and 5G networks. The Greek Digital Transformation Bible 2020-2025 highlights connectivity as one of the five strategic axes and acknowledges the Gigabit Society 2025 targets.

Broadband in Germany

The 2021 coalition agreement, the Digital Strategy and the Gigabit Strategy 2022 of the German Federal Government prioritise the nationwide supply of FTTH and 5G networks.

Broadband in France

The national broadband programme France Très Haut Débit sets a target of fast broadband access for all households by 2022 and fibre for all by 2025.

Broadband in Finland

The Finnish authorities favour a competition-driven, fibre-based network roll-out assisted by public funds for underserved areas and advice for local municipalities on how to deploy broadband networks.

Broadband in Estonia

Estonia has established basic broadband coverage throughout the country. The Estonian Digital Agenda sets ambitious targets for 2030.

Broadband in Denmark

A number of political initiatives aiming at nation-wide fixed and mobile broadband coverage support Danish broadband goals. The Government works towards making Denmark a digital frontrunner by creating a foundation for Danish businesses to exploit digital technologies.

Broadband in the Czech Republic

The National Plan for the Development of Very High Capacity Networks, approved in March 2021, defines the strategic approach of the Czech Republic to the construction of VHCN.

Broadband in Cyprus

Cyprus’ broadband plan sets strategic objectives for 2021-2025 and includes legislative and regulatory interventions as well as practical support for the development of broadband infrastructure.

Broadband in Croatia

Croatian National Plan for Broadband Development 2021–2027 responds to the European Gigabit Society objectives 2025 and partially to the 2030 digital targets.

Broadband in Bulgaria

The National Broadband Infrastructure Plan for Next Generation Access "Connected Bulgaria" and the Policy on electronic communications were updated and adopted in August 2020.

Broadband in Belgium

Belgium’s broadband strategy is incorporated into a broader policy strategy Digital Belgium. The aim of the national plan for fixed and mobile broadband is to eliminate the remaining white areas where high speed services are unavailable. By lowering costs and reducing...

Broadband in Austria

Austria’s broadband strategy focuses on the nationwide supply of Gigabit connections (fixed and mobile) by 2030.