Summary of broadband development in Poland
Poland’s national broadband plan targets are fully harmonised with the targets set by the European Commission’s Digital Agenda for Europe (DAE), and set sight on Gigabit Society targets. The Strategy of the Office of Electronic Communications (UKE) describes the priority areas for activities of the regulator in the telecommunications and postal markets. The Act on supporting development of services and telecommunication networks delivers the legal environment for the faster, more cost-efficient roll-out of next-generation networks. The Operational Programme Digital Poland 2014-2020 provides funding for investments in digitally excluded areas. A multi-stakeholder Agreement for the Strategy 5G for Poland has been formed to respond to challenges, identify and implement measures aiming at coverage by 5G networks.
National broadband strategy and policy
- The Department of Telecommunications of the Ministry of Digital Affairs (Ministerstwo Cyfryzacji), a policy maker, supports the development of telecommunication networks and services, coordinates the construction of broadband networks and co-operates with international telecommunication organisations.
- Digital Poland Project Centre (Centrum Projektów Polska Cyfrowa) is responsible for spending structural funds, i.e. organising calls for proposals under the Operational Programme Digital Poland (Program Operacyjny Polska Cyfrowa 2014-2020, POPC) funding broadband network development.
- The Ministry of Funds and Regional Policy is responsible for implementation of European Funds and regional development. The Department for Digital Development (Departament Rozwoju Cyfrowego) deals with digitisation and e-government.
- The Office of Electronic Communications (Urząd Komunikacji Elektronicznej, UKE) is the national regulatory authority for the market of telecommunications and postal services.
Main aims for broadband development
Poland’s national broadband plan was adopted in January 2014 and updated in 2020. Poland’s national broadband plan foresees that 100% of households and companies should have access to internet connectivity of at least 30 Mbps until 2020, and that 50% of households and companies use internet connectivity of at least 100 Mbps by 2020. Furthermore, additional objectives of the plan are aligned with those of the Gigabit Society. The national broadband plan mainly focuses on promoting broadband investments and expansion through initiating regulatory, legal and financial measures.
Poland has adopted a programme for Nationwide Education Network (Ogólnopolska Sieć Edukacyjna), which aims at providing all schools in Poland (circa 19.500 locations) with free of charge access of at least 100 Mbps, along with advanced cybersecurity measures and educational e-resources/e-tools.
Poland has also established an Agreement for the Strategy 5G for Poland as a multi-stakeholder platform, gathering entities from central and local governments, telecom operators, research institutions, technical universities and tech suppliers, working in different thematic teams for the development of 5G networks in Poland.
Main measures for broadband development
- The Act of 16 July 2004 (Telecommunications Law) and the Act of 7 May 2010 (Act on supporting development of services and telecommunication networks, known as the MEGA-act) have been passed in order to support the development of broadband networks in Poland.
- The 2016 revision of the MEGA-act implemented Cost-Reduction Directive and envisages further broadband-oriented measures.
- The Office of Electronic Communications (UKE) offers models of building broadband networks for local governments, providing direct services and making infrastructure accessible for new providers. In addition, it aims at reducing administrative burdens for telecommunication operators and public authorities. The UKE supports the development of broadband networks, i.e. by providing access to properties and buildings, while assuring as much infrastructure sharing as possible between telecom operators.
- The Office of Electronic Communications’ annual infrastructure inventory and the Ministry of Digital Affairs’ open public consultations help identify the areas (down to individual addresses) with no NGA access on a commercial basis within the next 3 years.
National and regional broadband financial instruments
- Under the financial perspective 2014-2020, the dedicated Operational Programme (OP) Polska Cyfrowa (Digital Poland) includes funding for broadband. The overall budget for the OP Digital Poland is EUR 2.57 billion, of which more than EUR 1 billion is dedicated to broadband.
- Under the thematic objective Universal access to high-speed Internet, more than 1.3 million households and almost 10 000 schools will be provided with Next Generation Access (NGA).
- Access to services related to the Nationwide Education Network is financed by state budget (circa EUR 310 million by 2027). The implementation phase (2018-2020) is also co-financed by the OP Digital Poland.
Data on broadband development and technologies in Poland
For the latest data on broadband coverage, subscriptions and penetrations, coverage of different broadband technologies and costs, check the scoreboard reports and the country reports of the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI).
Spectrum assignments for wireless broadband
For details on harmonised spectrum assignments consult the European 5G Observatory.
National and EU publications and press documents
- Guide to High-Speed Broadband Investment
- Mobile and fixed broadband prices in Europe at the end of 2019
- Study on broadband coverage in Europe 2019
- Study on National Broadband Plans in the EU-28
- Poland - country reports on performances in digitisation: connectivity, digital skills, digital public services and more
- National Broadband Plan 2014-2020
- Strategia UKE 2017-2021
- OP Polska Cyfrowa (Digital Poland)
- Strategy 5G for Poland