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Supervision of the designated very large online platforms and search engines under DSA

This page provides an overview of the designated Very Large Online Platforms (VLOPs) and Very Large Online Search Engines (VLOSEs) supervised by the Commission and the main enforcement activities.

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information updated on 13 June 2024.

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]AliExpress International (Netherlands) B.V.
[/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]AliExpress[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

104.3

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Netherlands

DSA enforcement actions

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]Amazon Services Europe S.à.r.l.[/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]Amazon Store[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

181.3

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Luxembourg

DSA enforcement actions

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]Apple Distribution International Limited[/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]App Store[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

123

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Ireland

DSA enforcement actions

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]Aylo Freesites Ltd. [/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]Pornhub[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

above 45***

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Cyprus

DSA enforcement actions

  • 20.12.2023: designation (Designation decision not yet available; press release)
  • 13.06.2024: request for information  (press release)

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]Booking.com B.V.[/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]Booking.com[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

above 45**

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Netherlands

DSA enforcement actions

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]Google Ireland Ltd.[/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]Google Search[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online search engine

Average monthly active users in millions*

364

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Ireland

DSA enforcement actions

 

 

Designated service

[notranslate]Google Play[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

284.6

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Ireland

DSA enforcement actions

 

 

Designated service

[notranslate]Google Maps[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

275.6

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Ireland

DSA enforcement actions

 

 

Designated service

[notranslate]Google Shopping[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

70.8

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Ireland

DSA enforcement actions

 

 

Designated service

[notranslate]Youtube[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

416.6

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Ireland

DSA enforcement actions

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]Infinite Styles Services Co, Ltd [/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]Shein[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

108

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Ireland

DSA enforcement actions

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]LinkedIn Ireland Unlimited Company[/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]LinkedIn[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

Logged-in active users: 45.2

Logged-out site visits: 132.5

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Ireland

DSA enforcement actions

 
 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]Meta Platforms Ireland Limited (MPIL)[/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]Facebook[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

259

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Ireland

DSA enforcement actions

 

 

Designated service

[notranslate]Instagram[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

259

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Ireland

DSA enforcement actions

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]Microsoft Ireland Operations Limited [/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]Bing[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online search engine

Average monthly active users in millions*

119

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Ireland

DSA enforcement actions

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]Pinterest Europe Ltd. [/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]Pinterest[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

124

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Ireland

DSA enforcement actions

 

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]Snap B.V.[/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]Snapchat[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

102

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Netherlands

DSA enforcement actions

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]Technius Ltd. [/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]Stripchat[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

above 45***

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Cyprus

DSA enforcement actions

  • 20.12.2023: designation (Designation decision not yet available; press release)
  • 13.06.2024: request for information  (press release)

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]TikTok Technology Limited[/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]TikTok[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

135.9

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Ireland

DSA enforcement actions

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]Twitter International Unlimited Company (TIUC) [/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]X[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

115.1

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Ireland

DSA enforcement actions

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]Whaleco Technology Limited[/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]Temu[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

75

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Ireland

DSA enforcement actions

  • 31.05.2024: designation (Designation decision not yet available; press release)

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]WebGroup Czech Republic[/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]XVideos[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

160

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Czechia

DSA enforcement actions

  • 20.12.2023:  designation (Designation decision not yet available; press release)
  • 13.06.2024: request for information  (press release)

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]Wikimedia Foundation Inc 3****[/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]Wikipedia[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

151.1

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Any Member State

DSA enforcement actions

 

Main establishment of the provider in the EU

[notranslate]Zalando SE[/notranslate]

Designated service

[notranslate]Zalando[/notranslate]

Type of service under DSA

Very large online platform

Average monthly active users in millions*

Monthly average in retail: 74.5
Monthly average for third-party content: 26.8

Digital Services Coordinator as of 17 February 2024

Germany

DSA enforcement actions

 

Notes

* As reported by the provider (e.g. transparency reports, website) and without prejudice to the assessment by the Commission of the methodology used to calculate the active recipients of service.

** Without prejudice to enforcement actions under Article 24 (2) DSA

*** As determined by the Commission

**** Without prejudice to enforcement actions under Article 13 DSA

 

Related Content

Big Picture

The Digital Services Act package

The Digital Services Act and Digital Markets Act aim to create a safer digital space where the fundamental rights of users are protected and to establish a level playing field for businesses.

See Also

European Board for Digital Services

The European Board for Digital Services is an independent advisory group that has been established by the Digital Services Act, with effect from 17 February 2024.

DSA whistleblower tool

The DSA (Digital Services Act) whistleblower tool allows employees and other insiders to report harmful practices of Very Large Online Platforms and Search Engines (VLOPs/VLOSEs)

Digital Services Coordinators

Digital Services Coordinators help the Commission to monitor and enforce obligations in the Digital Services Act (DSA).