Summary of broadband development in Estonia
The Estonian Digital Agenda 2030 focuses on developing digital public services, cybersecurity and improving connectivity across the country.
National broadband strategy and policy
- The process of broadband deployment is managed by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications (MKM, Majandus-ja Kommunikatsiooniministeerium). The Ministry is responsible for broadband strategy and legislation.
- The Consumer Protection and Technical Regulatory Authority (TTJA, Tarbijakaitse ja Tehnilise Järelevalve Amet) is a governmental organisation operating in the administrative area of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications. It oversees and regulates technical standards and collects market data. The aim of the Authority is to help implement the national economic policy through improvement of safety, organising the expedient use of limited resources and increasing the reliability of the products in the field of manufacturing environments, industrial equipment, railway and electronic communication.
- The Estonian Broadband Development Foundation (ELASA, Eesti Lairiba Arenduse Sihtasutuse) is responsible for the EstWin project, installation of fibre-optic cables and construction of connection points.
- The Estonian Association of Information Technology and Telecommunications (ITL, Eesti Infotehnoloogia ja Telekommunikatsiooni Liit) unites Estonian ICT companies, promotes their cooperation, presents their joint positions regarding broadband network development and acts as a competence centre.
- The Information System Authority (RIA, Riigi Infosüsteemi Amet) is an implementing entity of the structural assistance of the European Union, which administers the European Regional Development Fund support in building the broadband backhaul network.
Main aims for broadband development
Estonia’s Digital Agenda 2030 was adopted on 7 October 2021. The strategy is in line with the Gigabit Society connectivity targets. The overall objective of the strategy is to achieve high-speed, reliable, and affordable electronic communications connections in the country by 2030, irrespective of the location. To implement the vision, three specific goals have been set:
- digital government, i.e. the use of digital solutions in the public sector,
- electronic communication, i.e. connectivity, and
- national cyber security.
By 2030, ultrafast, reliable and affordable telecommunications connections should be available in Estonia irrespective of the location, making it possible to create and use innovative services. All should have access to connections of at least 100 Mbps which can be increased up to 1 Gbps. The government will support the development of very high capacity access networks in rural areas where telecommunications companies do not invest under the conditions of competition.
The support will also be granted to a) establish core infrastructure in the main transport corridors in Estonia, allowing for uninterrupted 5G coverage, b) secure coverage of selected residential and business areas with 5G and c) necessary preparations for the adoption of 6G when the relevant technology arrives on the market.
Main measures and financial instruments for broadband development
A central mapping tool (Communications Coverage Application) on availability of broadband services has been developed by the Estonian Consumer Protection and Technical Regulatory Authority (TTJA). It is an interactive portal, where the users can get information about the availability of broadband services in Estonia.
Recovery and Resilience Plan: In total EUR 208 million is devoted to digital objectives. The support for deploying VHCNs in rural areas (Component 3 ‘Digital State’ with a EUR 24.3 million budget) is expected to ensure broader access to online services. 8.000 sites shall be
equipped with VHCN under this investment.
In 2009, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications and the Estonian Association of Information Technology and Telecommunications (ITL) founded the Estonian Broadband Development Foundation (ELASA) to implement the EstWin project and to give all residential houses, businesses and authorities a chance to connect to the next-generation broadband network with a transmission speed up to 100 Mbps. These investments are intended to stimulate complementary deployments of last-mile connections by commercial telecom operators. The project rolled out approx. 7.000 km of fibre backhaul networks in rural areas and settlements with less than 10,000 inhabitants, where optical networks did not previously exist and where operators had no previous plans to install them. EstWin is funded inter alia from European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF). The implemented and planned parts of the network are visualised on the online map. The EstWin project is nearing completion, the backhaul network is almost finalised, and only small part of southeast Estonia remains to be covered.
Data on broadband development and technologies in Estonia
For the latest data on broadband coverage, subscriptions and penetrations, coverage of different broadband technologies and costs check the scoreboard reports and the country reports of the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI).
Spectrum assignments for wireless broadband
For details on harmonised spectrum assignments consult the European 5G Observatory.
National and EU publications and press documents
- Estonian Digital Agenda 2030
- Study on National Broadband Plans
- Guide to High-Speed Broadband Investment
- Broadband Connectivity Reports and Analyses
- Mobile and fixed broadband prices in Europe
- Study on broadband coverage in Europe
- Estonia - country reports on performances in digitisation: connectivity, digital skills, digital public services and more
BCO Estonia (national Broadband Competence Office): Estonian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications (MKM, Majandus-ja Kommunikatsiooniministeerium)
Address: Suur-Ameerika 1, 10129 Tallinn, Estonia
Contact via email
Phone: +372 639 76 81
Consumer Protection and Technical Regulatory Authority (Tarbijakaitse ja Tehnilise Järelevalve Amet)
Address: Sõle 23 A, Tallinn 10614, Estonia
Contact via email
Phone: +372 667 2000
Estonian Broadband Development Foundation (Eesti Lairiba Arenduse Sihtasutuse)
Address: Harju 6, 10130 Tallinn, Estonia
Contact via email
Phone: +372 6310555
Estonian Association of Information Technology and Telecommunications (Eesti Infotehnoloogia ja Telekommunikatsiooni Liit)
Address: Lõõtsa 6, 11415 Tallinn, Estonia
Contact via email
Phone: + 372 6177 145
Find current information on broadband development in each country, as well as national strategies and policies for developing broadband.
Sweden’s national broadband plan, adopted in 2016, has the vision of an entirely connected Sweden and has goals for both mobile coverage and for high-speed broadband connections for households and businesses.
Digital connectivity and 5G rollout are among the ten strategic priorities of the Spain Digital 2025 Agenda.
Slovenia’s broadband aims are in line with the gigabit society targets.
Slovakia has set the long-term objective of providing all households with access to ultra-fast internet by 2030.
Romania’s broadband plan focuses on building up a national broadband network as a first step towards achieving the EU connectivity targets.
The Agenda Portugal Digital aims at development of a digital infrastructure that allows citizens to take advantage of the new opportunities offered by technologies.
Poland’s national broadband plan 2025 is in line with the EU’s Gigabit Society targets.
All households in the Netherlands should have the opportunity to access broadband networks of at least 100 Mbps and a vast majority should be taking advantage of 1 Gbps by 2023.
Malta’s broadband policy is technology-neutral and favours a competitive market environment.
The development of a communication infrastructure with a target of gigabit broadband access throughout the country is one of the priorities in the governmental programme of Luxembourg.
Lithuania aims to provide 100 Mbps by 2027 to rural areas as well supporting the Gigabit society targets 2025.
Latvia supports the Gigabit society targets and aims at 100 Mbps, upgradable to gigabit, for urban and rural areas as well as 5G coverage for all large urban areas.
The Italian Strategy for Ultra Broadband Towards the Gigabit Society aims to provide gigabit connectivity to all by 2026.
The national broadband plan for Ireland foresees that by 2026 all premises in Ireland will have access to high-speed broadband.
Hungary’s draft National Digitalisation Strategy 2021-2030 aims to achieve a target of 95% of households covered by gigabit networks by 2030.
The Greek Digital Transformation Bible 2020-2025 highlights connectivity as one of the five strategic axes and acknowledges the Gigabit Society 2025 targets.
The 2021 coalition agreement, the Digital Strategy and the Gigabit Strategy 2022 of the German Federal Government prioritise the nationwide supply of FTTH and 5G networks.
The national broadband programme France Très Haut Débit sets a target of fast broadband access for all households by 2022 and fibre for all by 2025.
The Finnish authorities favour a competition-driven, fibre-based network roll-out assisted by public funds for underserved areas and advice for local municipalities on how to deploy broadband networks.
A number of political initiatives aiming at nation-wide fixed and mobile broadband coverage support Danish broadband goals. The Government works towards making Denmark a digital frontrunner by creating a foundation for Danish businesses to exploit digital technologies.
The National Plan for the Development of Very High Capacity Networks, approved in March 2021, defines the strategic approach of the Czech Republic to the construction of VHCN.
Cyprus’ broadband plan sets strategic objectives for 2021-2025 and includes legislative and regulatory interventions as well as practical support for the development of broadband infrastructure.
Croatian National Plan for Broadband Development 2021–2027 responds to the European Gigabit Society objectives 2025 and partially to the 2030 digital targets.
The National Broadband Infrastructure Plan for Next Generation Access "Connected Bulgaria" and the Policy on electronic communications were updated and adopted in August 2020.
Belgium’s broadband strategy is incorporated into a broader policy strategy Digital Belgium. The aim of the national plan for fixed and mobile broadband is to eliminate the remaining white areas where high speed services are unavailable. By lowering costs and reducing...
Austria’s broadband strategy focuses on the nationwide supply of Gigabit connections (fixed and mobile) by 2030.