Skip to main content
Shaping Europe’s digital future

Broadband in Spain

Digital connectivity and 5G rollout are among the ten strategic priorities of the Spain Digital 2025 Agenda.

flag of Spain

Summary of broadband development in Spain

The Spain Digital 2025 Agenda supports EU connectivity objectives. It aims to extend ultrafast network coverage to the entire population and prepare 100% of the radio spectrum for 5G by 2025. These objectives are operationalized in the Plan for Connectivity and Digital Infrastructures and the Strategy to Promote 5G Technology, respectively.

National broadband strategy and policy

Responsible authorities

Main aims and measures for broadband development

The Spain Digital 2025 Agenda outlines ten strategic priorities to advance the country's digital transformation in line with EU Gigabit objectives. Regarding broadband, it aims to guarantee 100 Mbps coverage for the entire population by closing the digital gap between urban and rural areas. Moreover, it seeks to advance 5G deployment by preparing the entire radio spectrum accordingly.

To achieve the broadband objectives incorporated in the Spain Digital 2025 Agenda, the Spanish Government published a new connectivity plan and 5G strategy in December 2020.

The Digital Infrastructures and Connectivity Plan outlines actions to cover 100% of the population with more than 100 Mbps by 2025. It focuses on rural areas that are not covered by the operators’ own deployment plans. Moreover, the plan includes measures to achieve 1 Gbps connectivity in data-intensive industry and research areas.

The Strategy for the promotion of 5G technology complements the national connectivity plan to account for the different level of maturity and transformational impact of 5G compared to, e.g., fibre. The strategy outlines actions to improve spectrum assignment and management, and incentivize 5G deployment and use, including through an updated regulatory and legal framework.

The National Telecommunications and Information Society Observatory (ONTSI) provides public information on the digital transformation to support the assessment and, where necessary, adjustment of the actions developed within the framework of the Spain Digital 2025 Agenda.

The roadmap to implement the Connectivity Toolbox includes several measures to reduce costs. The main measures include streamlining permit granting procedures, improving the single information point and increasing the transparency of physical infrastructure.

National and regional broadband financial instruments

  • Implementation of the Spain Digital 2025 Agenda between 2020 and 2022 is intended to be financed with around EUR 20 billion in public funds, of which approximately EUR 15 billion EUR is intended to come from the various EU programmes and new financing instruments under the Next Generation EU Recovery Plan. This is expected to be complemented by around EUR 50 billion from the private sector.
  • The Plan for Connectivity and Digital Infrastructures and the Strategy to Promote 5G Technology are intended to receive EUR 4.3 billion of public funding between 2020 and 2025. They are expected to mobilise private investment of an additional EUR 24 billion within this period.
  • Recovery and Resilience Plan (RRP): Spain’s RRP includes significant investments to close the existing digital divide between urban and rural areas in fixed and mobile broadband networks. E.g. expansion of ultra-fast broadband connectivity (above 100 Mbps) mainly in rural areas and areas of historical value, which currently do not have such connectivity, will be supported with EUR 812 million. Several measures specifically support 5G connectivity and the plan includes reforms to reduce costs and facilitate deployment.
  • Among the RRP measures, the UNICO-Banda Ancha programme has allocated EUR 250 million in the 2021 call to provide ultrafast fixed broadband networks in rural, remoted and less populated areas. This programme is an evolution of the previous national funding programme PEBA-NGA that supported the roll out of next-generation broadband networks in Spain from 2013 to 2020 and was co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).
  • Regarding 5G strategy to incentivize roll out, main relevant financial measures included in the RRP have been set. Among others, the extension of the duration of 700 MHz licences (minimum 20 years with potential 20 years of prorogue) and some taxation reforms, such as the temporary reduction of annual spectrum tax for 5G bands, and the review of the operators´ contributions to the annual tax to finance Spanish public television (TV tax) were introduced. On 15 December 2021, European Commission approved EUR 150 million Spanish scheme under Recovery and Resilience Facility to support deployment of passive infrastructure for mobile networks

Data on broadband development and technologies in Spain

For the latest data on broadband coverage, take-up, subscriptions and penetrations, coverage of different broadband technologies and costs, check the scoreboard reports and the country reports of the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI).

Spectrum assignments for wireless broadband

For details on harmonised spectrum assignments consult the European 5G Observatory.

Publications and press documents



Contact information

BCO Spain (national Broadband Competence Office): Spanish Ministry of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation

Address: Paseo de la Castellana 162, 28046 Madrid, Spain
Contact via email
Phone: +34 91 34 62 721

Secretary of State for Digital Progress (Secretaría de Estado para el Avance Digital, SEAD)

Address: Paseo de la Castellana 160, 28046 Madrid, Spain
Contact via email
Phone: +34 91 349 46 40

National Commission for Markets and Competition (Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia, CNMC)

Address: Alcalá 47, 28014 Madrid, Spain
Contact via email
Phone: +34 91 432 9600


Digitalisation as a chance for rural areas: Rural Pact Conference

The session “Digitalisation as a chance for rural areas” will take place in the frame of the Rural Pact Conference and will highlight new opportunities for improving connectivity in rural and remote areas.

Connectivity toolbox: Member States' implementation reports

In accordance with the Commission Recommendation (EU) 2020/1307 of 18 September 2020, the Member States reported to the Commission on the progress they have made one year into implementing the 39 best practices of the Connectivity Toolbox.

Broadband Policy update at Governmental Day Workshop in the frame of the FTTH Conference 2022

Gerasimos Sofianatos, Deputy Head of Unit "Investment in High-Capacity Networks" at the European Commission (DG Connect) will give a broadband policy update at the Governmental Day Workshop. atene KOM and the FTTH Council Europe are organising this workshop, addressed to public and private stakeholders in broadband, on 23 May in the frame of the FTTH Conference 2022.

WEMACOM Breitband pre-selected for the finals of the European Broadband Awards 2022

WEMACOM Breitband is building an area-wide and future-proof broadband network supply based on fibre optics in the district of Northwest Mecklenburg (Germany), which will reach all tradespeople and nearby consumers in the project area. This project includes planning and construction work required for the establishment and operation of a needs-based, sustainable, area-wide and expandable broadband network infrastructure as well as the provision of broadband telecommunications services in undersupplied project areas. There are around 40,000 connections planned already, which will be linked to 2

Related Content

Big Picture

Broadband in EU countries

Find current information on broadband development in each country, as well as national strategies and policies for developing broadband.

See Also

Broadband in Sweden

Sweden’s national broadband plan, adopted in 2016, has the vision of an entirely connected Sweden and has goals for both mobile coverage and for high-speed broadband connections for households and businesses.

Broadband in Slovakia

Slovakia has set the long-term objective of providing all households with access to ultra-fast internet by 2030.

Broadband in Romania

Romania’s broadband plan focuses on building up a national broadband network as a first step towards achieving the targets set by the Digital Agenda for Europe.

Broadband in Portugal

Portugal’s NGA coverage is at the EU average. The Agenda Portugal Digital aims at development of a digital infrastructure that allows citizens to take advantage of the new opportunities offered by technologies.

Broadband in Poland

Poland’s national broadband plan foresees that 100% of households should have access to internet connectivity of at least 30 Mbps by 2020. 50% of households should have internet connectivity of 100 Mbps by 2020.

Broadband in the Netherlands

All households in the Netherlands should have the opportunity to access broadband networks of at least 100 Mbps and a vast majority should be taking advantage of 1 Gbps by 2023.

Broadband in Malta

Malta’s broadband policy is technology neutral and favours a competitive market environment.

Broadband in Luxembourg

The development of a communication infrastructure with a target of gigabit broadband access throughout the country is one of the priorities in the governmental programme of Luxembourg.

Broadband in Lithuania

Lithuania‘s Next Generation Internet Access Development Plan focuses on direct state contribution to long-term infrastructure development, supports measures promoting private sector investments and seeks to foster an increase in demand for fast broadband access.

Broadband in Latvia

Latvia supports the Gigabit society targets and aims at 100 Mbps, upgradable to gigabit, for urban and rural areas as well as 5G coverage for all large urban areas.

Broadband in Italy

The Italian Strategy for Ultra Broadband Towards the Gigabit Society aims to provide gigabit connectivity to all by 2026.

Broadband in Ireland

The national broadband plan for Ireland foresees that by 2026 all premises in Ireland will have access to high-speed broadband.

Broadband in Hungary

Hungary’s draft National Digitalization Strategy 2021-2030 aims at 95% of households covered by gigabit networks by 2030.

Broadband in Greece

The Greek Digital Transformation Bible 2020-2025 highlights connectivity as one of the five strategic axes and acknowledges the Gigabit Society 2025 targets.

Broadband in Germany

The 2021 coalition agreement of the German Federal Government identifies the priority goal of a nationwide supply of FTTH and 5G networks by 2025. The federal government has also developed a 5G Strategy for Germany.

Broadband in France

The national broadband programme France Très Haut Débit sets out the targets of fast broadband access for all households by 2022 and fibre for all by 2025.

Broadband in Finland

The Finnish authorities go for a competition-driven, fibre-based network roll-out assisted by public funds for underserved areas and advice for local municipalities on how to deploy broadband networks.

Broadband in Estonia

Estonia has established basic broadband coverage throughout the country, and has brought its broadband targets for 2020 in line with those of the Digital Agenda for Europe.

Broadband in Denmark

A number of political initiatives aiming at nation-wide fixed and mobile broadband coverage support Danish broadband goals. The Government works towards making Denmark a digital frontrunner by creating a foundation for Danish businesses to exploit digital technologies.

Broadband in the Czech Republic

The National Plan for the Development of Very High Capacity Networks, approved in March 2021, defines the strategic approach of the Czech Republic to the construction of VHCN.

Broadband in Cyprus

Cyprus’ broadband plan sets strategic objectives for 2021-2025 and includes legislative and regulatory interventions as well as practical support for the development of broadband infrastructure.

Broadband in Croatia

Croatian National Plan for Broadband Development 2021–2027 responds to the European Gigabit Society objectives 2025 and partially the 2030 digital targets.

Broadband in Bulgaria

The National Broadband Infrastructure Plan for Next Generation Access "Connected Bulgaria" and the Policy in the field of electronic communications have been updated and adopted in August 2020.

Broadband in Belgium

Belgium’s broadband strategy is incorporated into a broader policy strategy Digital Belgium . The aim of the national plan for fixed and mobile broadband is to eliminate the remaining white areas where high speed services are unavailable. By lowering costs and reducing...

Broadband in Austria

Austria’s broadband strategy focuses on the nationwide supply of Gigabit connections (fixed and mobile) by 2030.