What are smart cities and communities?
A smart city or community aims at the well-being of its inhabitants, businesses, visitors, organisations and administrators by offering digitally enabled services that contribute to a better quality of life.
These smart services can help to better manage resources like energy or water, to monitor and reduce local traffic and pollution or in the work towards greener ways to light and heat buildings. They can also mean a more interactive and responsive city administration, engagement of citizens in decision and policy-making, safer public spaces and meeting the needs of an ageing population and people with disabilities.
The European Commission is supporting the digital transformation of cities and communities through:
The Living-in.EU movement - a city-led collaborative platform for cities and communities to accelerate their digital transformation the 'European way' (citizen-centric approach, ethically and socially responsible data usage, co-creation with and engagement of citizens, open and interoperable standards)
Local data platforms - Implementing interoperable local data platforms that enable digital technologies to integrate data flows via open standards within and across city systems. Both the public and private sector can then use data to deliver smart services.
Data space for smart communities - Facilitating data sharing through the creation of a data space for smart communities. This will be an interoperable and secure environment, where currently fragmented and dispersed data can be shared, based upon voluntary agreements.
Local digital twins - Building the capacity of cities and communities to implement their local digital twins. Local digital twins are virtual representations of the area’s physical assets, processes and systems. They use AI algorithms, data analytics and machine learning to create digital simulation models that can be updated and changed as their physical equivalents change. They allow real-time city management and long-term, strategic policy decisions, using models, visualisation and scenario building. The latter will provide a good basis for digital Bauhaus initiatives.
The DIGITAL programme – in order to also provide financial support to the four action points above the DIGITAL programme will make some funding available in its various calls. The bulk of the funding should however come from national sources, potentially including Cohesion Policy Funds or the Recovery and Resilience Facility.
The Commission is using digital technologies to improve public services and develop smart cities.
The Commission wants to join together digital solutions for cities and improve their impact.
The European Commission supports innovation procurement as a tool to deliver solutions to economic and societal challenges.
The EU has introduced rules to strengthen trust services and ensure our online activity is secure across the EU.
The eSignature Directive established the legal framework at European level for electronic signatures and certification services.
Electronic identification (eID) is one of the tools to ensure secure access to online services and to carry out electronic transactions in a safer way.
The European Commission is taking concrete actions to develop cross-border digital public services.
The European Commission is working to provide citizens with access to safe and top quality digital services in health and care.
The European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) champions research data management to guarantee scientists’ access to data-driven science.
Connected and automated mobility
Connected and Automated Mobility provides a unique opportunity to make our transport systems safer...