Skip to main content
Shaping Europe’s digital future

Broadband in Bulgaria

The National Broadband Infrastructure Plan for Next Generation Access "Connected Bulgaria" and the Policy on electronic communications were updated and adopted in August 2020.

    flag of Bulgaria

Summary of broadband development in Bulgaria

The National Broadband Infrastructure Plan for Next Generation Access 'Connected Bulgaria' and the Policy in the field of electronic communications were adopted in August 2020. The National Development Program Bulgaria 2030 introduced a priority 8 Digital connectivity aiming at building a modern and secure digital infrastructure as a basis for offering more digital services. Also, the Digital Transformation of Bulgaria for the period 2020-2030 approved in July 2020 aims at deploying networks with a very high capacity. State budget and the EU funds will be used to help reach the set aims.

National broadband strategy and policy

Responsible authorities

Main aims for broadband development 

The National Broadband Infrastructure Plan for Next Generation Access 'Connected Bulgaria' outlines the steps to provide digital infrastructure for the provision of various services. The measures envisage improving access to high-speed Internet in less populated regions and developing the high-speed mobile Internet in the country. Of key importance for the digitisation of the Bulgarian economy and public services will be investments for the introduction of 5G networks. The plan sets out the need for targeted investments in technological development, completion of the necessary infrastructure and guaranteed network and information security. The main priority fields in the plan are:

  • Broadband infrastructure - accelerated building of broadband infrastructure, incl. for the needs of the state administration
  • Very high-speed infrastructure – creating conditions for very high-speed networks’ deployment
  • Spectrum efficient use - establishing conditions for building NGA networks
  • Improving coverage in settlements located in peripheral, sparsely populated and rural areas
  • Bridging the Digital divide
  • Network security

The plan sets the following target indicators:

  • Coverage of 52 % of households by the Fixed Very High Capacity Network (VHCN),
  • Take-up of 33% of households of at least 100 Mbps fixed broadband,
  • 5G readiness at 50%.

The updated Policy in the field of electronic communications aims to ensure the provision of modern and quality electronic communications services by creating conditions for the development of a competitive market as part of the EU internal market. Priority is the deployment and use of very high-capacity networks, the provision of fifth generation services, effective and sustainable competition, the security of networks and services, as well as advantages for end-users, including equivalent access to the services of people with disabilities.

The Priority 8 Digital connectivity of the National Development Program Bulgaria 2030 aims to build a modern and secure digital infrastructure as a basis for offering more services through digital management. The goal is to build very high capacity networks, which will form a platform for providing a variety of digital value-added services while ensuring that no part of the country or a society group will be left without adequate digital connectivity. The focus is on deploying high-speed networks, especially broadband in rural areas, effective assignment of the spectrum for wireless broadband and 5G, accelerated development and take-up of broadband-dependent services such as cloud, IoT, etc. as well as the development of digital skills and services.

The Digital Transformation of Bulgaria for the period 2020-2030 approved in July 2020 aims at deploying networks with a very high capacity to ensure that no part of the country or a group in society is left without adequate digital connectivity, and provide better access of the enterprises to diverse, high-quality and innovative digital services. Digital connectivity shall contribute to providing access to all major drivers of socio-economic development, such as schools, hospitals, transport centres, major public service providers, etc.

National and regional broadband financial instruments and measures

According to the Priority 8 of the National Development Program Bulgaria 2030, use of the state budget and EU funds is foreseen.

Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF): Bulgaria plans to use financing under the RRF for major connectivity investments. The symmetric gigabit backbone/backhaul networks throughout the country is to be built, with a focus on underserved parts of the country, and connecting with networks at European level. The main road networks (TEN-T) are planned to be covered by 5G to ensure speeds of up to 1 Gbps.

Roadmap to implement the Connectivity toolbox: Bulgaria informed the Commission that it has already implemented a number of best practices such as permit exemptions and fast track procedures; availability of georeferenced information about the occupation level of infrastructure and existence of dark fibre, and  easy access to physical infrastructure controlled by public bodies. Bulgaria also indicated that it is currently working on: (i) ensuring that permit applications are submitted through electronic means, (ii) establishing broadband coordinators, and (iii) entrusting a body with a coordination role regarding rights of access to existing physical infrastructure.

Data on broadband development and technologies in Bulgaria

For the latest data on broadband coverage, subscriptions and penetrations, coverage of different broadband technologies and costs, check the scoreboard reports and the country reports of the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI).

Spectrum assignments for wireless broadband

For details on harmonised spectrum assignments consult the European 5G Observatory.

Publications and press documents

English

Bulgarian

Contact information

BCO Bulgaria (national Broadband Competence Office): Information Technology Directorate, Ministry of Transport and Communications (Министерство на транспорта и съобщенията)

Address: 9 Dyakon Ignatiy Str., 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
Contact via email
Phone: +35 92 940 92 80
Website

Communications Regulation Commission (Комисия за регулиране на съобщенията)

Address: 6, Gurko str., Sofia 1000, Bulgaria
Contact via email
Phone: +35 92 949 27 23
Website

Latest News

WiFi4EU stories: an interview with the WiFi4EU Project Manager, Patmos, Greece

The municipality of Patmos (Greece), located in the southern Aegean Sea and famous for the vision of John as found in the Book of Revelation of the New Testament, is one of the proud winners of the second WiFi4EU call.

Related Content

Big Picture

Broadband in EU countries

Find current information on broadband development in each country, as well as national strategies and policies for developing broadband.

See Also

Broadband in Sweden

Sweden’s national broadband plan, adopted in 2016, has the vision of an entirely connected Sweden and has goals for both mobile coverage and for high-speed broadband connections for households and businesses.

Broadband in Spain

Digital connectivity and 5G rollout are among the ten strategic priorities of the Spain Digital 2025 Agenda.

Broadband in Slovakia

Slovakia has set the long-term objective of providing all households with access to ultra-fast internet by 2030.

Broadband in Romania

Romania’s broadband plan focuses on building up a national broadband network as a first step towards achieving the EU connectivity targets.

Broadband in Portugal

The Agenda Portugal Digital aims at development of a digital infrastructure that allows citizens to take advantage of the new opportunities offered by technologies.

Broadband in Poland

Poland’s national broadband plan 2025 is in line with the EU’s Gigabit Society targets.

Broadband in the Netherlands

All households in the Netherlands should have the opportunity to access broadband networks of at least 100 Mbps and a vast majority should be taking advantage of 1 Gbps by 2023.

Broadband in Malta

Malta’s broadband policy is technology-neutral and favours a competitive market environment.

Broadband in Luxembourg

The development of a communication infrastructure with a target of gigabit broadband access throughout the country is one of the priorities in the governmental programme of Luxembourg.

Broadband in Lithuania

Lithuania aims to provide 100 Mbps by 2027 to rural areas as well supporting the Gigabit society targets 2025.

Broadband in Latvia

Latvia supports the Gigabit society targets and aims at 100 Mbps, upgradable to gigabit, for urban and rural areas as well as 5G coverage for all large urban areas.

Broadband in Italy

The Italian Strategy for Ultra Broadband Towards the Gigabit Society aims to provide gigabit connectivity to all by 2026.

Broadband in Ireland

The national broadband plan for Ireland foresees that by 2026 all premises in Ireland will have access to high-speed broadband.

Broadband in Hungary

Hungary’s draft National Digitalisation Strategy 2021-2030 aims to achieve a target of 95% of households covered by gigabit networks by 2030.

Broadband in Greece

The Greek Digital Transformation Bible 2020-2025 highlights connectivity as one of the five strategic axes and acknowledges the Gigabit Society 2025 targets.

Broadband in Germany

The 2021 coalition agreement of the German Federal Government identifies the priority goal of a nationwide supply of FTTH and 5G networks by 2025. The federal government has also developed a 5G Strategy for Germany.

Broadband in France

The national broadband programme France Très Haut Débit sets a target of fast broadband access for all households by 2022 and fibre for all by 2025.

Broadband in Finland

The Finnish authorities favour a competition-driven, fibre-based network roll-out assisted by public funds for underserved areas and advice for local municipalities on how to deploy broadband networks.

Broadband in Estonia

Estonia has established basic broadband coverage throughout the country. The Estonian Digital Agenda sets ambitious targets for 2030.

Broadband in Denmark

A number of political initiatives aiming at nation-wide fixed and mobile broadband coverage support Danish broadband goals. The Government works towards making Denmark a digital frontrunner by creating a foundation for Danish businesses to exploit digital technologies.

Broadband in the Czech Republic

The National Plan for the Development of Very High Capacity Networks, approved in March 2021, defines the strategic approach of the Czech Republic to the construction of VHCN.

Broadband in Cyprus

Cyprus’ broadband plan sets strategic objectives for 2021-2025 and includes legislative and regulatory interventions as well as practical support for the development of broadband infrastructure.

Broadband in Croatia

Croatian National Plan for Broadband Development 2021–2027 responds to the European Gigabit Society objectives 2025 and partially to the 2030 digital targets.

Broadband in Belgium

Belgium’s broadband strategy is incorporated into a broader policy strategy Digital Belgium. The aim of the national plan for fixed and mobile broadband is to eliminate the remaining white areas where high speed services are unavailable. By lowering costs and reducing...

Broadband in Austria

Austria’s broadband strategy focuses on the nationwide supply of Gigabit connections (fixed and mobile) by 2030.