The study on mapping IoT innovation clusters in Europe (.pdf) delivers a comprehensive mapping overview of the geographical areas of IoT innovation clusters operating within the EU, and their areas of specialisation.
The study targets the key IoT operating areas:
- smart living environment;
- smart farming and food security;
- smart cities and smart communities;
- smart mobility;
- smart environment and water management;
- smart manufacturing.
The study identifies 4 fundamental classes of clusters:
- Institutionalised clusters: associations of actors who work towards a common goal within an agreed formal or informal governance structure. A formal governance structure is a pre-requisite for any policy intervention concerning the cluster.
- Geographic clusters: clusters in the traditional Marshallian and Porterian concept, where sets of companies that act in a certain geographical area and possibly with a clear reference to IoT, or IoT start-ups in a certain city. They may have a structure and governance, or not.
- Virtual clusters: where different actors, which can be part of different thematic areas, collaborate in an action and towards a common goal without being co-located.
- Thematic clusters: clusters that deliver products, technologies or services related to ICT or the IoT independently of their location. The aggregation factor may be a specific technology, technological platforms, application and/or open source software projects.
The EU actively cooperates with industry, organisations and academia to unleash the potential of the Internet of Things across Europe and beyond.
The future Internet of Things and Edge Computing can revolutionise the way production and processes are organised and monitored across strategic value chains.
The Commission is working to ensure more robust and resilient security frameworks for IoT devices and the networks of which they are a part.
The digitalisation of the European agricultural sector has the potential to revolutionise the industry, promoting efficiency, sustainability, and competitiveness.