Yes. Your communications (phone calls, SMS, data) made from another EU country will be covered in your national bundle: the minutes, SMS and gigabytes of data that you consume abroad in the EU will be charged or deducted from the volumes of your national tariff plan exactly as if you were at home (in the country where you live, work or study). Contrary to the past, you will not have to pay anything extra. No bill shock anymore. Whether you use your mobile phone while periodically abroad in the EU or in the country where you live will not make any difference. You will roam like at home.
You can Roam Like at Home whenever you are in an EU country other than the country where you actually live (your effective home). If you move to and establish a durable residence in another EU country, you will no longer be able to benefit from roam like at home offers from an operator in the country you came from. You will be able to roam like at home with a mobile subscription of your new country of residence when you travel abroad in the EU.
The general rule is that as long as you spend more time at home than abroad, or you use your mobile phone more at home than abroad, you can roam at domestic prices when travelling wherever in the EU. This is considered a fair use of roaming services.
If this is not the case, your mobile operator may contact you. Operators can detect possible abuses based on the balance of roaming and domestic activity over a 4 month period: if you spend a majority of your time abroad and consume more abroad than at home over the 4 months, the operator can ask you to clarify the situation within 14 days.
If you continue roaming more than you are at home, your operator may start applying a small charge to your roaming consumption: €0.032 per minute for voice calls (+ VAT); €0.01 per SMS (+ VAT); €3 per GB of data (+ VAT).
The surcharges are capped at €2.5 per GB as of 1 January 2022. The surcharges for mobile data gradually reduced each year. The maximum surcharge was €7.7 per GB (as of 15 June 2017), falling to €6 per GB (as of 1 January 2018), €4.5 per GB (as of 1 January 2019), €3.5 per GB (as of 1 January 2020) and €3 per GB (as of 1 January 2021).
If at home you have unlimited calls and SMS, you will get unlimited calls and SMS when roaming in the EU.
If at home you have unlimited mobile data or very cheap mobile data, your operator may apply a safeguard (fair use) limit on data use while roaming. If this is the case, the operator will have to inform you in advance about such a limit and have to alert you in case you reach it. That safeguard limit will be high enough to cover most, if not all, of your roaming needs. Beyond this threshold, you can continue data roaming, subject to a small charge, which is capped at €2.50/GB as of 01 January 2022.
You do not need to set anything up. Your operator automatically ceases to apply the roaming charge when you roam abroad.
No. If you do not travel abroad in the EU, nothing will change for you. You may receive a notification of changes in your contract regarding the new roaming rules, but if you do not travel abroad, you do not need to pay any particular attention to those changes. If, on this occasion, your operator notifies you of changes in any other conditions of your contract, you have the right to terminate your contract without penalty if you do not accept these changes.
You should first contest those extra charges with your operator, who should have a complaints procedure in place. If the operator persists, you should notify the relevant body in your country, usually your national telecoms regulator, who will settle the case.
Not in the same way. Calling from home is not roaming. The roam like at home rights cover communications (calls, SMS, data) made when roaming in the EU, which means when travelling abroad in the EU. The prices of calls from home to another EEA country (EU Member States and including Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) are regulated as from 15 May 2019. This Intra-EU communications price shall not exceed €0.19 per minute for calls and €0.06 per SMS, + VAT.
Example: Kristina lives in Bulgaria and her daughter is studying in Germany thanks to the Erasmus programme. She normally calls her daughter for about 30 minutes a month. She pays around €2 per minute, which means she spent around €60 every month for calling her daughter.
With the Roaming Regulation, she pays a maximum of around €6, for the same amount of calls. In this case, ten times less than before and she saves €54 per month.
No. When you are roaming in the EU, all calls to mobile and fixed numbers in the EU will be counted against your national volume of minutes (or will be unlimited if you have unlimited calls at home), exactly as if you were calling within your home country. If you have distinct so-called ‘on-net’ and ‘off-net’ volumes in your national bundle, all the roaming minutes may be all deducted from the off-net volume, and also when you call another subscriber of the same domestic operator while roaming.
For example: If you have a Belgian card and you travel to France and call either a hotel in France, back home to Belgium, or to any other country in the EU and the EEA, you are roaming, and you will pay Belgian internal domestic prices (refer to legal text on the regulation on roaming).
However, if a Belgian SIM card holder calls from Belgium to Spain, they will pay the international tariff. Calls from home to another EU country are regulated by the intra-EU communication caps.
Roam Like at Home will be the default roaming tariff on all plans that include roaming. If you currently have a tariff plan including regulated roaming, you will be switched automatically to roam like at home. If you want to buy a new tariff plan that includes roaming, your operator will present that tariff plan to you with roam like at home by default.
Since 15 June 2017, if you travel abroad in the EU: nothing — just as at home!
In all 27 countries of the EU: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden and in the countries of the European Economic Area: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway.
As long as you are directly connected to a terrestrial mobile network (e.g. on rivers, lakes or along the coast) yes. Otherwise, no. EU roaming rules apply only to terrestrial mobile networks. As soon as the services are provided through other types of radio networks, via satellite systems on board of ships or aeroplanes for instance, they are not subject to the binding price caps of the EU.
For a few weeks, probably no. The roaming ‘fair use’ rules are designed for people ‘periodically travelling’ in the EU. Therefore, if you plan to stay several months abroad without interruption, it is a good idea to check the roam like at home fair use policy applied by your operator to decide what is best in your particular case.
The general rule is that as long as you spend more time at home than abroad or you use your mobile phone more at home than abroad you can roam at domestic prices when travelling anywhere in the EU. This is considered a 'fair use' of roaming services. In order to determine if this is the case, your operator may check your roaming time and consumption over the last four consecutive months or longer.
If, during this time window, you have been more abroad in the EU than at home AND you have consumed mobile services more abroad in the EU than at home, your mobile operator can contact you and inform you that you may be subject to small charges if you continue to stay abroad.
If, within 2 weeks from the moment you receive a warning, you re-establish prevalent home presence or consumption, no charge will apply. Otherwise, your operator may start applying the small charges to your roaming consumption from the day of the alert onwards (see also the question on working in another EU country). Therefore, as long as your operator has not contacted you while abroad, you can roam like at home without any worries.
Yes. Any volume restrictions for voice calls and SMS while roaming are no longer allowed.
If your national mobile bundle includes unlimited data, your operator must provide you with a large volume of roam like at home data depending on the price of your mobile bundle.
Your operator should clearly inform you of this roam like at home data allowance. In case you use more data while roaming than the data allowance foresees, you may have to pay a small charge.
If you want to check the operator’s calculation, here is how: the roaming data volume must be at least twice the volume obtained by dividing the price of your mobile bundle (excluding VAT) by €2.5. For your information, €2.5 is the maximum price that your operator has to pay the foreign operator for 1 GB of data when you are abroad in the EU in 2022. This means that you may get more roam like at home data than the volume your operator can purchase with your monthly subscription from the foreign operator whose network you are using abroad.
Example: At home, you have a mobile bundle including unlimited calls, SMS and data for €40 (€32 excluding 20% VAT). When travelling in the EU, you get roam like at home for unlimited calls and SMS, and at least 25.6 GB of data (2*(32 / 2.5) = 25.6).
If your operator has not explicitly informed you of a roaming data limit, you can benefit while abroad from the full amount of data under your domestic contract.
The operator is only entitled to apply a roam like at home data limit in 2022 in case you pay less than €1.25/GB. The actual limit depends on the monthly amount you pay for your mobile contract. The limit is calculated as in question 19.
Example 1: At home you have a mobile bundle including unlimited calls, SMS and 3 GB of data for €30 (€25 excluding 20% VAT). In this case, €25 / 3GB = €8.3/GB. When travelling in the EU, you get roam like at home with unlimited calls and SMS, and 3 GB of data, exactly like at home.
Example 2: At home you have a mobile bundle including unlimited calls, SMS and 10 GB of data for €13 (€10.4 excluding 20% VAT). The calculation is €10.4 / 10GB=€1.04/ GB. When travelling in the EU, you get RLAH with unlimited calls and SMS, and at least 8.3 GB of data (2*(10.4/2.5) =8.3) (Remember, €2.5/GB is the maximum surcharge an operator can charge you as of 01 January 2022.) If the operator wishes to apply such a data limit while roaming, they must clearly inform you of the volume available and whenever you have consumed that volume while abroad.
Beyond roam like at home fair use policy, your operator may apply a small charge on roaming consumption: 3.2 cents per minute of voice call made (+VAT); 1 cent per SMS (+VAT); €2.5 per GB of data (+VAT) (less than 1 cent per MB).
For calls made, this is 36% less than today’s charge and six times less than the charge in 2015. For SMS, this is 50% less than today’s charge and six times less than the charge in 2015.
Yes. As long as your phone logs on to your domestic network once a day, you will be considered at home that day and not roaming. It does not matter whether your phone logs on to a network of the neighbouring country in the EU (be it from your country or because you spent part of the day in that foreign country). Roaming providers should also inform you on how to avoid inadvertent roaming.
Yes. In your case, you can choose a provider in either country and roam at the domestic price of that country: you can roam at domestic price with a SIM from the country where you reside or with a SIM from the country where you work. In both cases the roam like at home fair use policy will apply subject to the important additional point that any day when you log on at least once on the network of your domestic operator counts as a day of presence (even if you also go abroad that day).
Yes. You just need to keep in mind that, if you have unlimited data in your national bundle, your data may not be fully unlimited in Roam Like at Home. Or if you have a large amount of data for a very low price in your national bundle, you may have slightly less data at your disposal while roaming. In both cases, the Roam Like at Home volume of data that you will get will be large enough to cover all, or at least most, of your needs. In addition, the applicable roaming charge beyond the roam like at home volume will be small (see above question on working in another European country).
Yes. If you pay per unit, and your domestic unit price of data is less than €2.5 per GB, your operator may apply a roam like at home volume limit on data. That limit should be at least the volume obtained by dividing the remaining credit on your pre-paid card when you start using data roaming services (excluding VAT) by €2.5. For instance if you have €15 (€12 excluding a 20% VAT) left on your SIM card when starting roaming data, you will have at least 12/2.5 = 4.8 GB of roaming data. For your information, €2.5 is the maximum price that your operator has to pay the foreign operator for 1 GB of data when you are abroad in the EU in 2022. This means that you get in RLAH exactly the volume of roaming data you have paid for in advance. For voice and SMS, you will pay exactly the same unit price as at home.
Europeans can call, message and use mobile data anywhere in the EU without extra costs thanks to the 'Roam like at home' policy.