Summary of broadband development in the Netherlands
The Dutch Digitalisation Strategy and the Connectivity Action Plan comply with the Gigabit Society targets. The Netherlands is one of the top ranking member states in terms of NGA coverage and aims to remain the European digital leader providing high-quality connectivity that serves a wide range of demands and is available at competitive prices anytime and everywhere. Currently, almost 98% of urban and rural areas in the Netherlands have been covered with NGA network (min. 30 Mbps).
National broadband strategy and policy
- In the Netherlands, several public authorities including local municipalities, regional provinces and on a national level, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy (Ministerie van Economische Zaken en Klimaat) are responsible for broadband development in the country.
- The Authority for Consumers and Markets (Autoriteit Consument & Markt) oversees fair competition as well as consumer protection in the energy, telecommunication, transport and postal services sector.
Main aims for broadband development
In 2018, the Dutch Digitalisation Strategy was issued and states what is needed to get the Netherlands ready for the digital future. The challenge for the government is to speed up and support the digital transition in public sectors and to strengthen further privacy protection, cybersecurity, digital skills and fair competition.
The Connectivity Action Plan refines the objectives of the Dutch Digitalisation Strategy and outlines the government’s efforts to remain the European digital leader with the aim of providing high-quality connectivity that can serve a wide range of demands and is available at competitive prices anytime and everywhere. In this plan, the Dutch government supports the EU Gigabit Society targets. All households should have the opportunity to access broadband networks of at least 100 Mbps and a vast majority should be taking advantage of 1 Gbps by 2023.
Main measures for broadband development
- The Dutch broadband strategy opts for a market-based infrastructure roll-out. It also puts key emphasis on the role of local and regional actors in coordinating and simplifying the process. Most of the broadband infrastructure roll-out is done by private operators autonomously. Here, removing barriers and facilitating the exchange of information and best practices among stakeholders are the principal tasks of local governments to stimulate investment by operators.
- Roadmap for the implementation of the Connectivity Toolbox: Various efforts have been made to coordinate between local and national governments regarding permit granting procedures. Next to information and knowledge sharing, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy created a taskforce of national and local authorities, to develop a uniform approach to permit-granting procedures for antennas and access to physical infrastructure for small cells. The government also introduced the possibility to establish broadband coordinators and develop guidelines on fees.
National and regional broadband financial instruments
- State aid measures: Although there are no state aid measures foreseen on a national level, a number of regional authorities are investigating the possibilities of state aid measures. The national government supports these authorities in this and is working on a framework for state aid. There is an umbrella scheme currently under development, which will make it easier for local authorities to provide financial support for construction.
Data on broadband development and technologies in the Netherlands
For the latest data on broadband coverage, subscriptions and penetrations, coverage of different broadband technologies and costs check the scoreboard reports and the country reports of the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI).
Spectrum assignments for wireless broadband
For details on harmonised spectrum assignments consult the European 5G Observatory.
Publications and press documents
- Dutch Digitalisation Strategy
- Connectivity Action Plan
- Study on National Broadband Plans
- Guide to High-Speed Broadband Investment
- Broadband Connectivity Reports and Analyses
- Mobile and fixed broadband prices in Europe
- Study on broadband coverage in Europe