Summary of broadband development in Romania
The National Strategy for Romanian Digital Agenda 2020 represents Romania’s broadband strategy. The authorities intend to update the plan to reflect the Gigabit Society targets. Broadband and digital services infrastructure is one of the four action fields defined in the strategy. The Romanian Strategy aims at achieving coverage of 100% of households with fixed broadband by 2020, 80% of households with access to over 30 Mbps broadband and 45% of households with subscriptions over 100 Mbps. The National Plan for Next Generation Network infrastructure development states the same and opts for prioritising the development of fibre networks as close to the end user as possible. The National Strategy for the Implementation of 5G has been adopted in 2019.
National broadband plan and policy
Romania’s broadband plan is implemented by the Ministry of Communication and Information Society (Ministerul Comunicațiilor și Societății Informaționale).
The role of the Authority for the Digitization of Romania (Autoritatea pentru Digitalizarea României) is to achieve and coordinate the implementation of public strategies and policies in the field of digital transformation and the information society.
The National Authority for Management and Regulation in Communications (Autoritatea Naţională pentru Administrare şi Reglementare în Comunicaţii, ANCOM) is responsible for regulatory measures.
Main aims and measures for broadband development
Special regard is given to rural and disadvantaged areas, to the stimulation of competition and to the promotion of the development of mobile broadband as the proper solution for Romania, considering the intense progress of mobile telephony market. The broadband plan has a number of specific objectives such as:
- connecting public institutions (public demand aggregation),
- increased use in public,
- supporting SMEs in training, configuring and implementing infrastructure projects and services,
- increasing accessibility of services, content and applications development,
- consumer education, and
- inclusion of disadvantaged groups of users.
The long term NGA aims are 100% coverage with 30 Mbps, 80% coverage with more than 30 Mbps and 45% households’ penetration with 100 Mbps by 2020.
National and regional broadband financial instruments
State Aid (General Activities): Romania has launched the Ro-NET project, which uses structural funds (approximately €69 million) to build up broadband infrastructure in areas still uncovered (middle mile funding). The direct beneficiary and recipient of the all grants of state aid is the Ministry of Communication and Information Society through a project implementation unit, which will remain the owner of the newly created backhaul infrastructure. By the end of September 2019, works were completed in 606 localities, while an additional 82 localities are in an advanced stage of completion.
Data on broadband development and technologies in Romania
For the latest data on broadband coverage, subscriptions and penetrations, coverage of different broadband technologies and costs check the scoreboard reports and the country reports of the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI).
Spectrum assignments for wireless broadband
For details on harmonised spectrum assignments consult the European 5G Observatory.
National publications and press documents
- National Strategy on the Digital Agenda for Romania 2020
- Study on National Broadband Plans
- Guide to High-Speed Broadband Investment
- Broadband Connectivity Reports and Analyses
- Mobile and fixed broadband prices in Europe
- Study on broadband coverage
- Strategia Națională privind Agenda Digitală pentru România 2020
- Planul Naţional de Dezvoltare a Infrastructurii NGN 2015
- Strategia 5G pentru România