Skip to main content
Shaping Europe’s digital future

Broadband in Italy

The Italian Strategy for Ultra Broadband Towards the Gigabit Society aims to provide gigabit connectivity to all by 2026.

    flag of Italy

Summary of broadband development in Italy

The Italian Strategy for Ultra Broadband Towards the Gigabit Society was approved in May 2021 and plans intervention in several areas to provide connectivity for those who do not have access to very high capacity networks so far. Funds to implement the measures were earmarked through the Italian National Recovery and Resilience Plan. An implementing decree for the "School Plan" and the "Family Voucher Plan", with EUR 600 million to be spent, was signed in August 2020.

The 5G band auctions for 700 MHz, 3.5 GHz and 26 GHz spectrum took place in 2018, with licenses valid till end 2037. Vodafone and TIM launched 5G services in June 2019, Wind Tre in October 2020 and Iliad in December 2020.

National broadband plan and policy

Responsible authorities

  • The department of Telecommunications (Comunicazioni) within the Ministry of Enterprises and Made in Italy (Ministero delle Imprese e del Made in Italy) is the main body responsible for planning and implementing Italy’s national broadband plan. The ministry is responsible for telecommunications infrastructures, adopts measures defined in the SNBUL and coordinates the activities of all the involved actors both public and private. It also manages the Italian National Registry of the infrastructures (SINFI).
  • The Agency for Digital Italy (AgID) assists in domains related to issues of public administration, digital connectivity to public offices and special public users, and integrating connectivity with advanced digital services.
  • The role of the public sector in the development of the entire ultra-broadband policy in Italy is coordinated by the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (PCM) through the Committee for the spread of high-speed broadband (COBUL), which is composed of the PCM, the MiSE, Infratel Italia Spa and AgID.
  • AGCOM, the sector regulator, has consultancy tasks and acts within its domain of regulation of NGA access, price conditions and technical standards.

Main aims and measures for broadband development

The Italian Strategy for Ultra Broadband Towards the Gigabit Society, May 2021, has seven intervention areas: a) Plan for white areas, b) Voucher plan, c) Plan Italy 1 Giga, d) Italy 5G Plan, e) Connected Schools Plan, g) Connected Health Plan, and h) Minor Islands Plan.

The Plan Italy 1 Giga, with planned allocation EUR 3.8 billion, aims to provide 1 Gbps in download and 200 Mbps upload speeds in grey and market failure areas, to be determined after the completion of a mapping exercise. In compliance of the principle of technological neutrality it is planned to cover a total of 8.5 million households by 2026.

The Italy 5G Plan, with an allocation of EUR 2.02 billion aims to incentivise the deployment of 5G mobile networks in areas of market failure.

National and regional broadband financial instruments and measures

The Italian National Recovery and Resilience Plan allocates EUR 6.7 billion for the implementation of the Strategy for Ultra Broadband. The plan provides allocations for the following five projects:

  • Italy 1 Giga,
  • Italy 5G,
  • Connected schools, aiming to provide the state-of-the-art connectivity (at least 1 Gbps) to the approximately 9,000 schools,
  • Connected health care facilities, which intends to cover approximately 12,000 hospitals and healthcare facilities (at least 1 Gbps and up to 10 Gbps connectivity), and
  • Connected smaller islands, aiming to deliver adequate connectivity to 18 smaller islands through submarine fibre cables.

Italy’s national roadmap for the implementation of the connectivity toolbox includes several reforms, in particular on streamlining permit granting procedures for civil works, improving transparency and reinforcing the capabilities of the single information point, as well as expanding the right of access to existing physical infrastructure.

The Italian voucher scheme of total EUR 610 million will provide aid in the form of vouchers to SMEs that will subscribe to broadband services capable of ensuring download speeds of at least 30 megabits per second (Mbps).

Data on broadband development and technologies in Italy

For the latest data on broadband coverage, subscriptions and penetrations, coverage of different broadband technologies and costs check the scoreboard reports and the country reports of the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI).

Spectrum assignments for wireless broadband

For details on harmonised spectrum assignments consult the European 5G Observatory.

National and EU publications and press documents



Contact information

BCO Italy (national Broadband Competence Office): Ministry of Economic Development

Address: Via Veneto, 33 - 00187 Roma
Contact via email
Phone: +39 06 54442599

Ministry of Enterprises and Made in Italy (Ministero delle Imprese e del Made in Italy)

Address: Via Molise 2, 00187 Rome, Italy
Contact via email
Phone: +39 06 47051

Agency for Digital Italy (Agenzia per l’Italia Digitale, AgID)

Address: Via Liszt 21, 00144 Rome, Italy
Contact via email
Phone: +39 06 852 641

Authority for Communications Guarantees (Autorità per le garanzie nelle comunicazioni, AGCOM)

Address: Via Isonzo 21/b, 00198 Rome, Italy
Contact via email
Phone: +39 06 696 441 11

Latest News

The 2023-24 Activity Report of the European Broadband Competence Offices Network

This brochure presents the main activities, focus areas and highlights from the European Broadband Competence Offices (BCO) Network’s 2023-24 annual programme.

Related Content

Big Picture

Broadband in EU countries

Find current information on broadband development in each country, as well as national strategies and policies for developing broadband.

See Also

Broadband in Sweden

Sweden’s national broadband plan, adopted in 2016, has the vision of an entirely connected Sweden and has goals for both mobile coverage and for high-speed broadband connections for households and businesses.

Broadband in Spain

Digital connectivity and 5G rollout are among the ten strategic priorities of the Spain Digital 2025 Agenda.

Broadband in Slovenia

Slovenia opts for technological neutrality and market dynamics in developing broadband networks, in particular infrastructure- and service-based competition.

Broadband in Slovakia

Slovakia has set the long-term objective of providing all households with access to ultra-fast internet by 2030.

Broadband in Romania

Romania focuses on building up a national broadband network as a step towards achieving the EU connectivity targets.

Broadband in Portugal

The Agenda Portugal Digital and the National Strategy for Connectivity in Very High Capacity Electronic Communication Networks for 2023-2030 shape development of a digital infrastructure in Portugal.

Broadband in Poland

Poland’s national broadband plan 2025 is in line with the EU’s Gigabit Society targets.

Broadband in the Netherlands

All households in the Netherlands should have the opportunity to access broadband networks of at least 100 Mbps and a vast majority should be taking advantage of 1 Gbps by 2023.

Broadband in Malta

Malta’s broadband policy is technology-neutral and favours a competitive market environment.

Broadband in Luxembourg

The development of a communication infrastructure with a target of gigabit broadband access throughout the country is one of the priorities in the governmental programme of Luxembourg.

Broadband in Lithuania

Lithuania aims to provide 100 Mbps by 2027 to rural areas as well supporting the Gigabit society targets 2025.

Broadband in Latvia

Latvia supports the Gigabit society targets and aims at 100 Mbps, upgradable to gigabit, for urban and rural areas as well as 5G coverage for all large urban areas.

Broadband in Ireland

The national broadband plan for Ireland foresees that by 2026 all premises in Ireland will have access to high-speed broadband.

Broadband in Hungary

Hungary’s National Digitalisation Strategy 2021-2030 aims to achieve a target of 95% of households covered by gigabit networks by 2030.

Broadband in Greece

The National Broadband Plan 2021-2027 promotes the use of fixed very high capacity and 5G networks. The Greek Digital Transformation Bible 2020-2025 highlights connectivity as one of the five strategic axes and acknowledges the Gigabit Society 2025 targets.

Broadband in Germany

The 2021 coalition agreement, the Digital Strategy and the Gigabit Strategy 2022 of the German Federal Government prioritise the nationwide supply of FTTH and 5G networks.

Broadband in France

The national broadband programme France Très Haut Débit sets a target of fast broadband access for all households by 2022 and fibre for all by 2025.

Broadband in Finland

The Finnish authorities favour a competition-driven, fibre-based network roll-out assisted by public funds for underserved areas and advice for local municipalities on how to deploy broadband networks.

Broadband in Estonia

Estonia has established basic broadband coverage throughout the country. The Estonian Digital Agenda sets ambitious targets for 2030.

Broadband in Denmark

A number of political initiatives aiming at nation-wide fixed and mobile broadband coverage support Danish broadband goals. The Government works towards making Denmark a digital frontrunner by creating a foundation for Danish businesses to exploit digital technologies.

Broadband in the Czech Republic

The National Plan for the Development of Very High Capacity Networks, approved in March 2021, defines the strategic approach of the Czech Republic to the construction of VHCN.

Broadband in Cyprus

Cyprus’ broadband plan sets strategic objectives for 2021-2025 and includes legislative and regulatory interventions as well as practical support for the development of broadband infrastructure.

Broadband in Croatia

Croatian National Plan for Broadband Development 2021–2027 responds to the European Gigabit Society objectives 2025 and partially to the 2030 digital targets.

Broadband in Bulgaria

The National Broadband Infrastructure Plan for Next Generation Access "Connected Bulgaria" and the Policy on electronic communications were updated and adopted in August 2020.

Broadband in Belgium

Belgium’s broadband strategy is incorporated into a broader policy strategy Digital Belgium. The aim of the national plan for fixed and mobile broadband is to eliminate the remaining white areas where high speed services are unavailable. By lowering costs and reducing...

Broadband in Austria

Austria’s broadband strategy focuses on the nationwide supply of Gigabit connections (fixed and mobile) by 2030.